Skip to main content

Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are common to other, less serious illnesses. However, if you're troubled by any of the following symptoms, see your doctor: 

It is common for people with AML to feel a loss of well-being because of the underproduction of normal bone marrow cells. 

Symptoms of a low red blood cell count (called “anemia”) include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath during normal physical activities
  • Lightheadedness, dizziness or faintness
  • Headaches
  • Pale complexion

Symptoms of a low white blood cell count (called “neutropenia”) include:

  • Frequent infections
  • Fever

Symptoms of a low platelet count (called “thrombocytopenia”) include:

  • Bruising easily
  • Pinhead-sized red spots on the skin, called “petechiae”
  • Prolonged bleeding from minor cuts
  • Frequent or severe nosebleeds
  • Bleeding gums

Other general symptoms of AML include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Discomfort in bones or joints
  • Fullness or swelling in the abdomen, due to an enlarged spleen or liver

Related Links