Radiation therapy, also known as "radiotherapy (RT)," consists of the use of special machines that produce high-energy rays capable of killing the Hodgkin lymphoma cells. RT alone was a standard treatment option for patients with early-stage disease for many decades. However, because of the potential for long-term serious side effects, this treatment approach has changed
There are different types of radiation therapy:
- Involved-site radiation therapy (ISRT) uses external beam radiation to treat the lymph nodes where the cancer started and the cancer near those nodes. The size of the radiation area is restricted to minimize radiation exposure to adjacent uninvolved organs and the side effects associated with radiation.
- Involved-field radiation therapy (IFRT) treats lymph node regions that are affected by Hodgkin lymphoma. However, IFRT includes a much larger treatment area and is not used as often as ISRT.
With careful planning, the exposure of uninvolved organs can be either reduced or avoided during radiation therapy. Imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT), and other specialized imaging techniques can enhance treatment planning.
If radiation therapy is being considered, you should carefully review the pros and cons of different approaches with your doctor.
- Radiation Therapy
- Managing Side Effects
- Integrative Medicine and Complementary and Alternative Therapies
- Food and Nutrition
- Download or order The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society's free booklet, Hodgkin Lymphoma