- Generic Name:
- Drug Type:
- How the Drug is Given:
Intravenously (IV) or by intramuscular (IM) or subcutaneous (SC) injection
- Cytosine arabinoside
- Liposomal cytarabine
Indications and Usage
Cytarabine is FDA approved to prevent and treat leukemia that has spread to the meninges (the three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord). It is also FDA approved for use with other drugs to treat acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and chronic myeloid leukemia. This medicine may cause a temporary loss of hair in some people. After treatment with cytarabine has ended, normal hair growth should return.
Liposomal cytarabine (DepoCyt®) is given by intrathecal injection. It is FDA approved to treat lymphoma that has spread to the meninges.
Side effects needing medical attention
Fever, chills; sore throat; unusual bleeding or bruising; side or stomach pain; joint pain; numbness or tingling in fingers, toes or face; sores in mouth and on lips; swelling of feet and lower legs; tiredness; black, tarry stools; bone or muscle pain; chest pain; cough; difficulty in swallowing; fainting spells; general feeling of body discomfort or weakness; heartburn; irregular heartbeat; pain at the place of injection; reddened eyes; shortness of breath; rash; unusual decrease in urination or painful or difficult urination; yellowing of eyes and skin; lower back pain; pinhead-sized red spots on skin; loss of appetite; nausea and vomiting; dizziness; headache; itching; skin freckling.