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Axicabtagene ciloleucel

Details of the Drug
Generic Name:
Axicabtagene ciloleucel
Drug Type:
Immunotherapy
How the Drug is Given:

Intravenous infusion

Names:
Yescarta®
Axicabtagene ciloleucel

Indications and Usage

Axicabtagene ciloleucel is a CD19-directed genetically modified autologous T cell immunotherapy FDA approved for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma after two or more lines of systemic therapy, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) not otherwise specified, primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, high-grade B-cell lymphoma, and DLBCL arising from follicular lymphoma.

Yescarta is also indicated for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma (FL) after two or more lines of systemic therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on response rate. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trial(s).

Yescarta is not indicated for the treatment of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma.

Side effects needing medical attention

Cytokine release syndrome, fever, low blood pressure (hypotension), encephalopathy, fast or irregular heartbeat (tachycardia), fatigue, headache, decreased appetite, chills, diarrhea, febrile neutropenia, infections-pathogen unspecified, nausea, not enough blood in the arteries (hypoxia), tremor, cough, vomiting, dizziness, constipation, and cardiac arrhythmias.

WARNING:

Cytokine release syndrome and neurological toxicities

See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

  • Cytokine Release Syndrome (CRS), including fatal or life-threatening reactions, occurred in patients receiving Yescarta. Do not administer Yescarta to patients with active infection or inflammatory disorders. Treat severe or life-threatening CRS with tocilizumab or tocilizumab and corticosteroids.
  • Neurologic toxicities, including fatal or life-threatening reactions, occurred in patients receiving Yescarta, including concurrently with CRS or after CRS resolution. Monitor for neurologic toxicities after treatment with Yescarta. Provide supportive care and/or corticosteroids as needed.
  • Yescarta is available only through a restricted program under a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) called the Yescarta REMS
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