This fact sheet can help you understand how disease and treatment can affect fertility. It presents:
- Some of the ways that treatment for myeloma, leukemia, lymphoma, myelodysplastic syndromes, or other types of blood cancer might affect fertility.
- Ideas for steps you can take before, during or after treatment to preserve the ability to have children in the future.
- Suggestions for talking with your oncology team about fertility.
- Other resources that can offer you support.
Some fertility effects are specific to males or to females. Others may affect both. Some chemotherapies and radiation therapies can affect the endocrine system. The endocrine system is made up of glands and cells that control growth, sexual development, sleep, hunger and the way the body uses food. Some treatments can trigger changes to this system that may affect puberty and fertility. Prepubescent children are affected more often than older children or adults by changes to the endocrine system as it relates to physical development and growth, including sexual development.