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Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are common to other, less serious illnesses. However, if you're troubled by any of the following symptoms, see your doctor:

  • pale skin
  • black-and-blue marks (bruises) with no clear cause
  • pinhead-size red spots under the skin (called petechiae)
  • prolonged bleeding from minor cuts
  • slow healing of cuts
  • tiredness or no energy
  • shortness of breath during normal physical activity
  • mild fever or night sweats
  • swollen gums
  • frequent minor infections, such as perianal sores (sores around the anus)
  • loss of appetite and weight loss
  • aches or discomfort in bones or joints such as knees, hips or shoulders

Your doctor may first notice signs, such as an enlarged liver or spleen, during a routine physical exam. (If your spleen is enlarged, you may feel some discomfort on the upper left side of your stomach.)

In addition to the signs and symptoms above, you may experience these conditions, which can be dangerous without treatment:

  • bleeding in the brain or a lung
  • infection, especially if your body produces too few white cells known as neutrophils
  • myeloid sarcoma when a mass of AML cells can form a tumor elsewhere in the body
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last updated on Thursday, February 23, 2012

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