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Refractory and Relapsed

Refractory Leukemia

Some patients still have leukemia cells in their bone marrow after acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treatment. This is called refractory leukemia. Treatment options include:

Relapsed Leukemia

Some patients have a return of ALL cells in the marrow and a decrease in normal blood cells after remission. This is called a relapse. 

If you have relapsed ALL, you may be given more chemotherapy with the same or different drugs used previously during your treatment. Some patients may also have a stem cell transplantation or be a part of a clinical trial.

Your therapy options depend on two factors:

  • your remission's duration
  • the cytogenetic findings that reveal abnormal changes to the structure of chromosomes in your leukemia cells
last updated on Friday, July 22, 2011

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