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New Cases

  • An estimated 48,610 people living in the United States will be diagnosed with leukemia in 2013.
  • New cases of chronic leukemia will account for 4.5 percent more new cases than acute leukemia.

New Cases by Major Leukemia Type

Below are estimated numbers of people living in the United States who will be diagnosed with leukemia in 2013, broken down by most common leukemia type:

Incidence by Gender

  • Incidence rates for all types of leukemia tend to be higher among males than among females.
  • In 2013, males are expected to account for approximately 57 percent of new cases of leukemia.

Incidence by Age Group

Children

  • Leukemia is the most common type of cancer in children and adolescents younger than 20 years, accounting for 26.7 percent of all types of cancer occurring among children and adolescents younger than 20 years.
  • An estimated 3,605 children and adolescents younger than 15 years old will be diagnosed with leukemia in the United States in 2013.
  • About 32 percent of estimated cancer cases in children and adolescents younger than 15 years are leukemia.
  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer in children 1 to 7 years old.
  • The incidence of ALL among 1- to 4-year-olds is nearly eight times greater than the rate for young adults 20 to 24 years old.

Adolescents and Young Adults

  • ALL incidence is higher in children and adolescents younger than 15 years than it is in people ages 15 years old through young adulthood.
  • AML incidence is lower in children and adolescents younger than 15 years than it is in people ages 15 years old through young adulthood.
  • In 2006 to 2010, among 15- to 19-year-olds, ALL incidence was twice that of AML.
  • In 25- to 29-year-olds, AML incidence was 57 percent higher than that of ALL.

Adults

CLL, AML and CML are most prevalent in the seventh, eighth and ninth decades of life:

  • CLL incidence increases significantly starting at age 50.
  • AML incidence increases significantly starting at age 50.
  • CML incidence increases significantly starting at age 65.

Incidence by Race and Ethnicity

  • Leukemia is the tenth most frequently occurring type of cancer in all races or ethnicities.
  • Leukemia incidence is highest among non-Hispanic whites (13.6 per 100,000).
  • Leukemia incidence is lowest among Asian and Pacific Islander populations (7.4 per 100,000) and American Indian and Alaska Native populations (7.3 per 100,000).
  • Leukemia rates are higher among whites than among other races or ethnicities.
  • From 2001 to 2010, incidence rates for leukemia have shown the greatest decline in Asian and Pacific islander populations.
  • Leukemia rates are higher for children and adolescents who are white, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, American Indian and Alaska Native than for black children and adolescents.
  • In children and adolescents under the age of 20 years, leukemia rates are highest among Hispanics.

Survival

  • In 2013, an estimated 310,046 people in the US are living with or in remission from leukemia.
  • The overall five-year relative survival rate for leukemia has more than quadrupled since 1960, from 14 percent in whites from 1960 to 1963 (only data available) to 59.2 percent for all races from 2003 to 2009.

Survival by Major Types of Leukemia

From 2003 to 2009, the five-year relative survival rates overall were:

  • ALL, 68.8 percent
  • CLL, 83.1 percent
  • AML, 24.9 percent
  • CML, 58.6 percent

Survival for Children

From 2003 to 2009, the five-year relative survival rates for children were:

  • ALL, 91.7 percent for children and adolescents younger than15 years, and 92.6 percent for children younger than 5 years
  • AML, 64.8 percent for children and adolescents younger than15 years

Survival statistics have improved significantly over the past five decades. Most children and adolescents younger than 20 years who have ALL will become five-year survivors of the disease.

Deaths

  • An estimated 23,720 persons (13,660 males and 10,060 females) in the US will die of leukemia in 2013.
  • The highest rates of deaths from 2006 to 2010 was in non-Hispanic whites (7.4 per 100,000), followed by whites (7.3 per 100,000) and blacks (6.1 per 100,000).
  • Between 2006 to 2010, black males between the ages of 30 and 64 had a higher death rate than white males had from the disease.
  • Leukemia is the seventh most common cause of cancer deaths in black males and the eighth most common in black females.
  • The leukemia death rate for children and adolescents younger than 15 years in the US has declined by 80 percent from 1969 to 2010.
  • Despite this decline, leukemia causes more deaths than any other cancer among children. adolescents and young adults under age 20.
  • About 437 children and adolescents under 15 years are expected to die from leukemia in 2013.

Deaths by Major Types of Leukemia

Below are the estimated numbers of deaths in the US in 2013 from leukemia, broken down by most common type:

  • ALL, 1,430
  • CLL, 4,580
  • AML, 10,370
  • CML, 610

Unclassified forms of leukemia will account for 6,730 additional deaths.

Leukemia facts and statistics from Facts 2013.

last updated on Tuesday, February 11, 2014
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