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Childhood Blood Cancer Facts & Statistics

Click on the links below to view statistics about each disease:

 

Leukemia

New Cases, Incidence and Prevalence

  • Leukemia is the most common cancer in children and adolescents less than 20 years old.
  • In 2014, about 4,103 children and adolescents less than 20 years old are expected to be diagnosed with leukemia throughout the US.
  • From 2006 to 2010, leukemia represented 26.7 percent of all of the types of cancer occurring among children and adolescents younger than 20 years.
  • The most common type of leukemia in children and adolescents younger than 20 years is acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • ALL is the most common cancer in children 1 to 7 years old.

Survival

  • From 2003 to 2009, the five-year relative survival rates overall were 
    • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) - 64.8 percent for children and adolescents younger than 15 years 
    • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) - 91.7 percent for children and adolescents younger than 15 years, and 92.6 percent for children younger than 5 years.
  • The childhood ALL five-year survival rates have improved significantly over the past five decades

 figure6 - childhood all survival

  • The leukemia death rate for children and adolescents younger than 15 years in the US has declined by 80 percent from 1969 to 2010. Death rates for all types of cancer for children and adolescents younger than 20, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia, declined steadily from 1975 to 2010. Despite this decline, leukemia causes more deaths than any other cancer among children, adolescents and young adults younger than age 20 years.

 

Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)

New Cases, Incidence and Prevalence

  • Lymphoma is the third most common cancer in children and adolescents younger than 20 years.
  • In 2014, lymphoma will account for 10 percent (HL, 4 percent; NHL, 6 percent) of all cancers expected to be diagnosed in children and adolescents younger than 15 years.
  • In 2014, the number of cases expected to be diagnosed in children and adolescents younger than 15 years is 620 for NHL and 380 for HL.
  • Older children and adolescents are more commonly diagnosed with HL than younger children.

Survival

  • Five-year relative survival is 97.1 percent for HL in adolescents ages 15 to 19 years. Five-year relative survival is 98.1 percent for HL in children and adolescents younger than 15 years.
  • In children and adolescents younger than 20 years, five-year relative survival for NHL is 84.5 percent. This represents a significant improvement in the rate of recovery. As recently as the mid-1970s, most children and adolescents with NHL did not survive five years after they were diagnosed.
  • For children under 20 years, death rates for all types of cancers combined declined steadily from 1975 to 2010, including for HL and NHL


Source: Facts Spring 2014

last updated on Monday, August 18, 2014
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